Portuguese Grammar Reference ("QuickGrammar")
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>>Portuguese Pronouns > Prepositional Pronouns

It is important that you first understand how to use subject pronouns in Portuguese.

You will use prepositional pronouns when you wish to make any one of these pronouns the object of a preposition. Prepositions are short relational words like in, on, to, at, from, of, with or under.

These are sometimes called strong pronouns because they emphasize the noun as an object. They are centered around prepositions, while most pronouns are centered around verbs.

Prepositional Pronouns

singular Portuguese English
1st person mim me
2nd person ti you
  vocÍ you
  o senhor, a senhora you
3rd person ele, ela him, her
3rd person (general) si him, her, it, you
plural    
1st person nůs us
2nd person vůs (all of) you
2nd person vocÍs (all of) you
2nd person os senhores, as senhoras (all of) you
3rd person eles, elas them
3rd person (general) si them, (all of) you

The only differences between the subject pronouns and prepositional pronouns are found in the first and second-person singular (mim and ti). Refer to the section on subject pronouns to learn how to use the various words for you in Portuguese. Their usage does not change here.

Remember that these pronouns are used only after prepositions. The direct object pronouns also translate as me, him, her, us, and them, and are used with verbs. They function in a phrase like for me or about you. Para mi means for me, where I am the object of the preposition para for. Para o senhor! means for you, sir!.

The pronoun si is very popular, especially in the spoken language, when its meaning is clear from context. It can stand in for ele, ela and even o senhor, a senhora, and vocÍ in the singular, as well as all of their plural counterparts (eles, elas, etc.). If the context so indicates, para si may mean for you. It never represents the informal tu (used in Portugal) or the archaic vůs.

The preposition com with is unique because it combines with many of these prepositional pronouns to form a single word. In other words, when saying with me, you cannot say com mi.

Prepositional Pronouns with com ("with")

singular Portuguese English
1st person comigo with me
2nd person contigo with you
  com vocÍ with you
  com o senhor,
com a senhora
with you
3rd person com ele, com ela him, her
3rd person (general) consigo with him, with her,
with you
plural    
1st person connosco (Brazil: conosco) with us
2nd person convosco (archaic) with (all of) you
2nd person com vocÍs with (all of) you
2nd person com os senhores,
com as senhoras
with (all of) you
3rd person com eles, com elas with them
3rd person (general) consigo with them,
with (all of) you

Consigo follows the same rules as its counterpart si.