Portuguese Grammar Reference ("QuickGrammar")
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>>Portuguese Nouns > Possession

To show that one noun belongs to another, an English speaker can use the possessive case. In the phrase John's car, the name John takes the -'s as a mark of this possessive case, indicating that he possesses, or owns, the car.

Portuguese nouns do not have a possessive case. To form a similar phrase in Portuguese, you will use the word de, meaning of. De is a preposition. The word de will allow you to link the two nouns in a possessive arrangement. The resulting phrase is o carro de Joćo the car of John.

It is very common to use an article with all Portuguese nouns, and this even includes names like John. In this case, the articles combine with de to form a single word, for example, do of the. The ideal translation of John's car is o carro do Joćo the car of the John.

Also refer to the sections on articles and interaction between articles and nouns.