Ancient Greek Words & Phrases with audio

Here are some useful phrases in the Ancient Greek language spoken in Greece and the Hellenic World from before 400 BC to the early centuries AD. The sound files and IPA represent two pronunciation systems: the reconstructed Ancient pronunciation of Attic Greek (Ancient Athens) and the Byzantine pronunciation of Greek (Greek Orthodoxy and traditional Eastern scholarship).

Greek word / phrase Transliteration Ancient pronunciation (IPA) Byzantine pronunciation (IPA) Translation
χαῖρε khaîre [kháìre] ['çere] hello! / goodbye!
(to one person)
χαίρετε khaírete [khaírete] ['çerete] hi! / bye!
(to multiple people)
εἰ δοκεῖ ei dokeî [e: dokê:] [i ðo'ki] please
συγγνῶθι μοι sungnôthi moi [syŋgnɔ̂:thi moi] [siŋ'ɣnoθi mi] excuse me
τὸ ὅνομα tò ónoma [toónoma] [to 'onoma] the name
τὸ ὅνομά σου tò ónomá sou [toónomáso:] [to 'ono'ma su] your name
τί ἐστι tí esti [tíesti] ['ti es'ti] what is
τί ἐστι τὸ ὄνομά σου; tí esti tò ónomá sou [tíesti toónomáso:] ['ti esti to 'ono'ma su] What's your name?
τὸ ὄνομά μου tò ónomá mou [toónomámo:] [to 'ono'ma mu] my name
εἶ [ê:] ['i] you are
εἰμί eimí [e:mí] [i'mi] I am
λέγω légo [légɔ:] ['lego] I speak
λέγεις légeis [lége:s] ['lejis] you speak
ἀναγινώσκω anaginósko [anaginɔ:skɔ:] [anaji'nosko] I'm reading
ἀναγινώσκωμεν anaginóskomen [anaginɔ́:skɔmen] [anaji'noskomen] let's read
τί ζητεῖς; tí zeteîs [tí zdɛ:tê:s] ['ti zi'tis] What are you looking for?
ζητῶ... zetô [zdɛ:tɔ̂:] [zi'to] I'm looking for...
τί ἐγένετο; tí egéneto [tí egéneto] ['ti e'jeneto] What happened?
μοι δεῖ moi deî [moi dê:] [mi 'ði] I have to
σοι δεῖ soi deî [soi dê:] [si 'ði] you have to
εὖγε eûge [éùge] ['evje] okay! / good!
τίς; tís [tís] ['tis] Who?
τί; [tí] ['ti] What?
πῶς; pôs [pɔ̂:s] ['pos] How?
πότε; póte [póte] ['pote] When?
αὖθις aûthis [áùthis] ['afθis] again
εὐθύς euthús [euthýs] [e'fθis] truly, honestly
τάχα tákha [tákha] ['taχa] quickly
βραδύς bradús [bradýs] [vra'ðis] slowly
(οὐκ) οἶδα (ouk) oîda [o:kóìda] [u'ciða] I (don't) know
σκόπει skópei [skópe:] ['skopi] see to it
(to one person)
σκοπεῖτε skopeîte [skopéìte] [sko'pite] see to it
(to multiple people)
πεινῶ peinô [pe:nɔ̂:] [pi'no] I'm hungry
διψῶ dipsô [dipsɔ̂:] [ði'pso] I'm thirsty
ἀποκάμνω apokámno [apokámnɔ̂:] [apo'kamno] I'm tired
ἀλλὰ... allà... [allà] [a'la] but...
καὶ... kaì... [kaì] [ce] and...
πεινῶ καὶ διψῶ. peinô kaì dipsô [pe:nɔ̂: kaì dipsɔ̂:] [pi'no ce ði'pso] I'm hungry and thirsty.
πόσον δίδως; póson dídos [póson dídɔ:s] ['poson 'ðidos] How much?
ναί naí [naí] ['ne] yes
οὔ [ó:] ['u] no
ἔστι ésti [ésti] ['esti] maybe
ἄπαγε ápage [ápage] ['apaje] Go away!
τοτοτοῖ tototoî [tototóì] [toto'ti] Oh, wow!